Ear Creases As Strong Predictors of Heart Attacks And Sudden Death
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  1. #1
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    Ear Creases As Strong Predictors of Heart Attacks And Sudden Death

    Ear Creases

    http://blog.myplainview.com/phyllisw...6/ear-creases/



    Relation of diagonal ear lobe crease to the presence, extent, and severity of coronary
    artery disease determined by coronary computed tomography angiography.

    " DELC was independently and significantly associated with increased prevalence,
    extent, and severity of CAD. "

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/22335855



    Diagonal earlobe creases and fatal cardiovascular disease: a necropsy study.

    " In addition to coronary artery disease, we found that those with other fatal
    cardiovascular diseases such as ruptured aortic aneurysms also tended to
    have earlobe creases. "

    "The presence of a previous cardiovascular disease was not as strongly associated
    with cardiovascular causes of death as the presence of an earlobe crease alone.
    This suggests that cardiovascular disease was being underdiagnosed in the population. "


    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1216678/



    The earlobe crease, coronary artery disease, and sudden
    cardiac death: an autopsy study of 520 individuals.


    " ELC was strongly correlated with CAD in both men and women but with sudden cardiac death
    (SCD) only in men
    .

    The sensitivity of the ELC sign was 75% and the positive predictive value (ppv) was 68%.
    In individuals below 40 years, the ppv was as high as 80%. Using multiple logistic regression
    analysis, ELC was found to be the strongest independent risk factor for CAD and SCD apart
    from age and BMI (both genders), as well as baldness and hair in the meatus externa (in males). "

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/16738431



    Increased all-cause and cardiac morbidity and mortality associated
    with the diagonal earlobe crease: a prospective cohort study.

    ' ..... a diagonal ELC is associated with increased all-cause and cardiac morbidity and
    mortality. Patients with ELCs may be at higher risk for coronary events, and might be
    especially cautioned to control or reduce other cardiac risk factors, even if currently
    without diagnostic evidence of CAD
    . "

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/1892144/



    Earlobe creases and coronary atherosclerosis. The view from forensic pathology.

    " ..... 800 consecutive autopsies performed for medicolegal reasons and thus
    including a wide spectrum of subjects.

    Statistical analysis by the chi2 test demonstrated a positive correlation between
    the presence of the diagonal earlobe crease and obstructive coronary atherosclerosis
    narrowing on at least one major coronary artery greater than 75%.
    "

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/3578215



    Diagonal ear lobe crease and coronary risk factors.

    " Ear lobe biopsies in 12 subjects revealed tears of the elastic fibers in all subjects
    with ELC, and prearteriole wall thickening in subjects with MI and/or ELC, but not
    in the 2 subjects with neither MI nor ELC.
    The early appearance of ELC may imply
    the existence of coronary heart disease with or without coronary risk factors. "

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/7365179



    Predictive Value of Auricular Diagnosis on Coronary Heart Disease

    http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2012/706249/

  2. #2
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    This Brazilian study is the only one on preauricular creases.


    Association between coronary artery disease and the diagonal earlobe
    and preauricular creases in men


    " The bilateral presence of ELC (ear lobe creases) and PAC (preauricular creases)
    was positively associated to CAD even after adjusting for other coronary risk variables.
    The presence of both creases represented sensitivity of 56.3% and a positive
    predictive value of 90%
    . "


    http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=...rttext&tlng=en



    The only study on carotid arteries, by the Japanese.

    Diagonal Ear-Lobe Crease is Correlated With
    Atherosclerotic Changes in Carotid Arteries


    https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article...-0141/_article

  3. #3
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